DISASTER MANAGEMENT

About Disaster

A disaster is a sudden, disastrous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. A natural disaster is a major harmful event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.

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Disaster Type

Disaster Dos & Don'ts

What to Do During a Tornado

  • If you are indoors, you should take shelter in a basement , cellar or the lowest building level.
  • If you’re indoors and cannot get to a lower level then you may live in a high-rise but go to the smallest interior room or hallway, as far from the exterior of the building as possible.
  • If you are driving when a warning is issued, try to drive to the closest place where you can take shelter.
  • If you are driving and cannot get to shelter, get out of the vehicle. Lay face-down, hands over your head in a ditch or a noticeably lower level next to the roadway, away from the vehicle.
  • If you are driving and see a tornado, do not try to outrun it. Pull over immediately and shelter with one of the two previous methods
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What Not to Do During a Tornado

  • Don’t drive a car during a tornado.
  • Don’t hide yourself under an overpass.
  • Don’t open the windows and doors of your house.
  • Avoid overpasses, bridges, tall buildings, and flying debris.

What to Do During a Hurricane

  • Monitor emergency radio, news radio, or television news for relevant information.
  • Secure your home and shelter in place.
  • Obey evacuation orders.
  • Close all interior doors. Secure and brace external doors.
  • If power is lost, turn off major appliances to reduce the power “surge” when electricity is restored.

What Not to Do During a Hurricane

  • Don’t sleep or spend time in rooms susceptible to tree falls.
  • Don’t wander around outside.
  • Avoid your basement.

What to Do During Earthquake

  • Shield yourself or take shelter under sturdy furniture.
  • If you’re outdoors, get away from tall objects that may collapse.
  • If you’re indoors, try to stay clear of obvious hazards like windows, hanging fixtures, shelves, or anything that’s already loose and might collapse.
  • If you’re in a vehicle, stop quickly, but try to stay clear of those tall objects.
  • Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.
  • If you are in a moving vehicle then stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.

What Not to Do During Earthquake

  • Do not run outside or to other rooms during shaking.
  • Do not stand in a doorway.
  • Do not use the elevators.
  • If you are trapped in a Debris then do not move around or kick up dust.

What to Do During Wildfire

  • Wear protective clothing when outside – sturdy shoes, cotton or woolen clothes, long pants, a long-sleeved shirt, gloves and a handkerchief to protect your face.
  • Close all doors inside the house to prevent draft. Open the damper on your fireplace, but close the fireplace screen.
  • Move flammable furniture into the center of the residence away from the windows and sliding-glass doors.
  • Turn on outside lights and leave a light on in every room to make the house more visible in heavy smoke.
  • Place lawn sprinklers on the roof and near above-ground fuel tanks. Leave sprinklers on and dowsing these structures as long as possible.
  • If you have a ladder, prop it against the house so you and firefighters have access to roof.

What Not to Do During Wildfire

  • Do not park or stop your vehicle in a dry and grassy area.
  • Don’t let debris and lawn cuttings linger.
  • Don’t lock windows or doors, but do keep them closed; if the fire department needs to fight a fire
    in your home, having entrances unlocked will help them access your home more quickly.
  • Don’t forget to disconnect your automatic garage door opener so that you can still open
    it if the power goes out.

What to Do During and Tsunami

  • If you’re driving, do not pass through standing water, or water where you cannot see the bottom.
  • If you’re walking, do not walk through moving or rushing water.
  • If there is any possibility of a flash flood, or you think a tsunami is imminent get to higher ground
    immediately.
  • If you time to evacuate your home, turn off utilities and move critical items to the highest
    possible point.
  • If you cannot leave the area take shelter in the upper storey of a sturdy brick or concrete multi-storey
    building.

What Not to Do During and Tsunami

  • Do not go to the coast to watch the tsunami, as there is the possibility of dangerous, localized land inundation of the immediate foreshore.
  • Don’t climb a tree unless you have no other choice. Trees often snap under the pressure of the water. If you have to climb a tree, find a very strong and tall one and climb as high as you can.
  • Do not return to the shore after the first wave . Wait for the Emergency Management officials to give the “All Clear” before you return.
  • Never go down to the shore to watch for a tsunami. When you can see the wave, you are too close to outrun it. Most tsunamis are like flash floods full of debris.

What to Do During a Flood

  • Go to higher ground and avoid areas subject to flooding
  • If water rises in your homes before you evacuate, go to the top floor or roof of your house.
  • Listen to a battery operated radio for the latest storm information .
  • Turn off all utilities at the main power switch and close the main gas valve if advised to do so.
  • Stay away from downed power lines.

What Not to Do During a Flood

  • Do not attempt to walk across flowing streams or drive through flooded roadways.
  • Do not drive around a barricade. Turn around and go another way.
  • Do not try to swim to safety.
  • Do not on any account touch sources of electricity when standing in flood water.

Application

Early Warning Alert Service Flow Chart

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